JOURNÉE DROIT DE LA FEMME

Le thème aux cette âge pour la datent internationale, «Les femmes à leadership: Parvenir jusquà un avenir égal à lintérieur un mondes COVID-19», félicitations les essai considérables utilisé par les femmes et das filles aux monde entier convoque façonner un montez plus collègue et se faire remettre de la maladies infectieuses mode mondiale COVID-19 . C’est également aligner sur ns thème prioritaire de la 65e session du la Commission de la condition aux la femme, «Les femmes à lintérieur la cru publique, dintervention égale parce que le prise ns décision».

Vous lisez ce: Journée droit de la femme


La datent internationale de la femme est l’occasion du réfléchir de progrès accomplis, d’appeler à changement et aux célébrer les action de courage et ns détermination des femme ordinaires, qui ont phat un galet extraordinaire dedans l’histoire de leur nation et de leur communauté.
Des droit fonciers sûrs convectif les femmes contribuer à les réalisation des droit humains fondamentaux, améliorent ns sécurité nourriture et nutritionnelle und réduisent les pauvreté dans les zones rurales. Légal d’accès des femme à les terre orient essentielle convecteur garantir le carrément de homme à d’un alimentation adéquate, jusquà un logement, parce que le non-discrimination et jusquà l’égalité, ainsi que est différent droits fondamentaux. Du plus, le pleinement des femme à ns terre est essentiel à de toi autonomisation économique, en tant beaucoup, tellement que investissements de les production alimentaire et de la création ns revenus, prendre plaisir garantie aux crédit et comme moyen aux conserver l’épargne convoque l’avenir. Le contrôler des femmes sur la earths étend ton capacités, étend leur pouvoir du négociation et améliore leur capable à faire face pour vulnérabilité.

Des organisations aux monde tous profitent aux la journée internationale aux la femmes 2021 pour imaginer les efforts aux lutte convectif les autorisation fonciers des femme et pour souligner le mouvement considérable qui reste à faire.

 


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What role à faire local governance frameworks phat in increase women’s voices in sol governance?


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Across East and West Africa, IIED et partners ont been developing and testing approaches à strengthen women’s voices in local land governance. Philippine Sutz reflects nous the role et impact of local governance frameworks oui these approaches are enforced in various contexts.

Since 2016, IIED has been functioning with local partners throughout East and West africa to strengthen la campagne women’s voices in local land governance.

The assumption underpinning this work-related is that when local women actively participate in pays governance, related structures are an ext likely to recognise and defend women’s interests. This leads to fairer sol relations and women having greater control over their livelihood options.


In each country where the project has actually been applied – Tanzania, Ghana and Senegal – local partners have developed, strengthened jaune scaled up viewpoints to appui local women à enter thé political space et participate meaningfully in local decision-making processes conditions météorologiques land allocation and use.

While tailored à address local contexts et needs, auto approaches arisen in each country share similarities: None de them ‘reinvent auto wheel’ but build nous existing governance arrangements; they space bottom-up and participatory, involving neighborhood dialogue et capacity structure exercises; and they all seek venir ensure that decision-making bodies on land include a minimum number of active women members and promote locale dialogue.

But auto approach design was different à recognise the opportunities and gaps linked with every country’s sol governance framework.

Tanzania et Ghana: local level governance fosters locale ownership

In Tanzania, thé law establishes local authorities with énergie to administer land at the lowest administration level: the village. The ville council et village assembly phat a key role in local land governance – they oui the power to clues land and make decisions on land use.

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In Ghana, land is administer customarily passant par traditional authorities, et land administration rules differ from one area à another. In auto area where our job was enforced – thé Nanton timeless Area – ar chiefs are given force to carry out land.

In both countries, the local governance systems permitted our partners venir embed your approaches straight at the community level and ensure local ownership.

In Tanzania, the Tanzania females Lawyers association (TAWLA) worked straight with bourgade authorities to support the adoption of gender-sensitive village by-laws promoting the ingérence of ladies in village level decision-making processes. Thé process received good faire un don from local communities.

In Ghana, NETRIGHT and thé Grassroot Sisterhood structure (GSF) worked with local community chiefs – thé lowest traditional administratif unit – venir establish Community land Development Committees (CLDCs). These committees space designed to appui chiefs in do decisions nous land et ensure the such committees had actually women members.

Senegal: difficulties at municipal level

In Senegal, meanwhile, auditeur land is managed by the local governments du municipalities – and community land is allocated at the local level through the municipality. A ‘municipality’ has between about 30 and 60 villages; this is a greater ‘administrative level’ contrasted with land governance in Tanzania jaune Ghana.

The authorities administering sol are the municipal council through thé land frais – a local body supporting auto council’s decision-making process.

Our partner IED Afrique worked in Darou Khoudoss to appui the enregistrement of ladies in the land commission and the adoption du a local sol charter fostering women’s dintervention in pays governance.

Working at the municipal level – fairly than straight in villages – has actually proved more difficult in state of local ownership. IED Afrique developed additional activities to ensure buy-in at village level. In particular, castle collaborated with local women’ groups to make sure that the project was getting to women in villages.

In Tanzania et Senegal, pays being governed de national legislations makes cette easier venir replicate and scale increase approaches. In Tanzania, TAWLA to be able venir reach all 64 ville in auto Kisarawe District. Replicating thé approach throughout different regions in Ghana would have meant adapting cette to each regional context, i beg your pardon would have been cumbersome and resource intensive.

Takeaways parce que le policymakers

Comparing land governance frameworks (PDF) in thé three nations shows comment their nature – et in certain the survie (or lack) of heavily decentralised force on pays – determines, à a degree, the administratif level wherein the dintervention takes place. This impacts how easily participatory and inclusive bottom-up approaches deserve to be implemented.

Local authorities having force over sol at the village or community level – oui in Tanzania et Ghana – is a genuine advantage, as it permits approaches à be installed in thé very communities they’re trying à support. When sol is governed at a higher administration level – oui in Senegal – extr efforts et resources are often needed to ensure locale ownership of the approach.

In more comprehensive terms, mien sense is that auto more decentralised a land governance framework, the better for democratic, participatory processes à take place and ultimately, pour how local women’s voices have the right to be reflect in decisions fabriqué on sol administration. This have to be preserved in mind de governments undertaking land governance reforms.

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This blog was originally posted nous the IIED website and is thé fourth blog in a series feather at ways à strengthen women’s access to and control over sol in Africa.